himalayan musk deer upsc

… In the 1950s the scrub forest was replaced with. Required fields are marked *. CAMPA funds are collected from the companies who use forest areas for non forest purposes. In this st … startxref The fact that these lions exist only in the Gir makes them especially vulnerable as a natural calamity or an outbreak of an epidemic. This species is one of the 4 fresh water dolphin species in the world. Himalayan musk deer weigh around 11 to 18 kg and are 86 to 100 cm in length. ��0�1e�L8��EFh7��S��Kt *�p/�k�q�$����\^. They can camouflage their eggs well. The rounded backs and long alert ears of the Himalayan musk deer contribute to their "hare-like" resemblance. When frightened, they make broad leaps, each … It is an essential classic musk and is a proud addition to the musk fragrance collection. 0000020269 00000 n UP is bringing up ancient Hindu texts in hopes of raising the community support to save the dolphins from disappearing. 34 Salim Ali National Park (City Forest National Park), Jammu and Kashmir — located in Srinagar, this former park was converted into a golf course and once featured animals such as leopard, hangul and musk deer; in addition to a large variety of birds The main threats are hunting and habitat loss. Minimizing human-elephant conflict and ensure welfare of domesticated elephants. 0000037738 00000 n This is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug when given to working animals reduces joint pain and so keeps them working for longer. The bench, however, said the introduction of African cheetahs in India from Namibia. A zoo in Himachal Pradesh’s Kufri hosts a male musk deer which is attracting tourists in large numbers. 0000005536 00000 n It protects large stretches of the mahseer habitat from poaching and other illegal activities. It. Chapter one deals with seasonal diet analysis of musk deer along with the overlap in consumption with livestock during summer. Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster; hereafter musk deer) are endangered as a result of poaching and habitat loss.The species is nocturnal, crepuscular, and elusive, making direct observation of habitat use and behavior difficult. Rajasthan launched a campaign to save the bird recently. 0000003817 00000 n Sustainable management of grasslands (scientific collection of firewood) is needed to maintain it. Himalayan Serow. Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster ; hereafter musk deer) are endangered as a result of poaching and habitat loss.The species is nocturnal, crepuscular, and elusive, making direct observation of habitat use and behavior difficult. Musk Deer. 0000009398 00000 n They are a top level endangered species and their natural habitat is Western Ghats and Andamans. They are found in W Ghats and are poached for uses in traditional medicines. What are National Parks? Local communities are highly dependent on forests for their daily livelihood support. The White-bellied musk deer or Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster) is a musk deer species occurring in the Himalayas of Nepal, Bhutan, India, Pakistan and China. The fish is facing extinction due to demand from growing tourism. A shy animal, the musk deer depends on its sense of hearing to locate sources of danger. The other 3 are : Indus in Pakistan, Yangtze in China and Amazon in Latam. 0000014190 00000 n x�b```f``Qa`g`�� Ȁ �[email protected]� 'Y8$�¶Ov�o��O{�h�紴� �[�+n��Nз���`��Ƥ,�I�*� ����ɢ!q0ѽOO�C��h��Ma�!G.6��Σ"� ���!�`�Sc��ŎD�Vf��Ė&���'�ݵ�gcz��-��d�7KB�ZM��p��x�0����mB����ATc;Ģc�23�D�f�X��5|���G�4F �� $�[email protected]���[email protected] 4i� R6E�`q� +i [email protected]������A. xref They are known to be found in eastern, central, and western Himalayas, but not in the Trans Himalayan region. 0000023528 00000 n 0000003090 00000 n Extensive hunting (legal or illegal) over a long period for musk has resulted in a sharp decline of populations such that Moschus spp. They are herbivores and are typically found at altitudes between 2,000 metres and 4,000 metres (6,500 to 13,000 feet). are some flora and fauna representing the diversity of Himalayas. %%EOF The proposed project had also faced opposition on the ground that it was against the IUCN guidelines on trans-location of wildlife species. The white-bellied musk deer or Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster) is a musk deer species occurring in the Himalayas of Nepal, Bhutan, India, Pakistan and China. This sanctuary has been set up primarily with the object of conserving the musk deer (Moschus leucogaster) and its habitat. 181 34 SOLUKHUMBU, April 28: Six Himalayan musk deer, an endangered species, were found dead in Tagdi area of Kengjoma inside the Sagarmatha National Park. on SC Decision on Cheetah and Lion Transfer. integrated. Only males produce the musk but killing is indiscriminate as poachers set traps. Himalayan Serow resembles a cross between a goat, a donkey, a cow, and a pig. They are declared in areas that are considered to be of adequate ecological, geomorphological and natural significance. The Kerela Government has launched a niche initiative of involving community to identify the nesting sites of the bird. Musk deer are artiodactyls of the genus Moschus, the only genus of family Moschidae. The project is under wildlife habitats development scheme. This park provides habitat for the Himalayan Snowcock and the brown bear. The major areas where they are known to breed are in central and western India and eastern Pakistan. Project Hangul plans to breed them in captivity to increase their chances of survival. We provide a complete mitogenome of M. leucogaster and examine its phylogenetic position with other seven Artiodactyla species. It is threatened by habitat destruction (stays close to urban areas) and air and water pollution (pesticides and herbicides). The power distribution in the state is carried on by 4 private companies who claim they don’t have enough money to upgrade and repair their lines running through the forest. 0000007094 00000 n trailer Intensive efforts have been initiated to conserve this rare species. 214 0 obj<>stream Vikramshila sanctuary is the only dolphin sanctuary in India and a research center will be. Your email address will not be published. opened up in Bihar. Their habitat is Kashmir and they were threatened by habitat destruction, over-grazing and poaching. The White-bellied Heron is found in the wetlands of tropical and subtropical forests in the foothills of the eastern Himalayas of India, Nepal (now extinct), Bhutan and Myanmar. But it causes kidney failure in several species of vultures. It is threatened because the musk it produces is a priority in making perfumes and medicines and sells for $45,000 per kilogram. The aim of the project is to preserve the animal as well as their habitats. 0000021044 00000 n Less than 200 are left today. The species is listed as an Endangered (EN) species by the IUCN red list of threatened animals. Nepal The Conflict. 0000010904 00000 n May 25 2015 • Uncategorized • 1698 Views • No Comments on SC Decision on Cheetah and Lion Transfer. Angling as a sport to protect the fish as enthusiasts release the fish after it’s caught. Over past 10 years, 110 elephants have been electrocuted. International trade is prohibited. However, construction of a hydel project in W Ghats is threatening their existence. It can be done both in fresh and brackish waters. Hornbill Birds (CE) {"@context":"http://schema.org","@type":"WebSite","url":"http://upsc.oureducation.in/","potentialAction":{"@type":"SearchAction","target":"http://upsc.oureducation.in/search?q={search_term_string}","query-input":"required name=search_term_string"}}. Park officials at Namche said that the musk deer were found killed in a trap believed to be set up by poachers. PM for protecting rare wild species in Himalayan national park; ... Few of the endangered species included marmot, snow leopard, markhor, ibex, blue sheep, brown bear, musk deer and snow wolf. Their numbers dwindled to as low as 150 animals by 1970 from over 5000 in 1900. In the past they were heavily hunted for their meat and for sport. The main animal species in the Dachigam National park are musk-deer, leopard, Himalayan serow, Himalayan grey-langur, leopard-cat, Himalayan brown bear, jackal, hill-fox, Himalayan weasel, Yellow-throated marten, jungle-cat, otter and long-tailed marmot. Restoration of natural habitats and corridors of elephants and their protection from poachers. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Askot Musk Deer Sanctuary is located 54 km from Pithoragarh near Askot in Uttarakhand state of India. Now open farming has emerged as a viable alternative, whereby free ranging or wild musk deer are caught and the musk then extracted, allowing the species to be conserved and survive. So it is argued that CAMPA funds should not be given back to the power companies and their license should be canceled if they don’t have enough money. However, no information is available on the reproductive cycles of the species. 181 0 obj <> endobj However, musk deer establish and … Local as well as modern scientific knowledge will be fully, Olive ridley sea turtles migrate to India’s east coast specially Odisha. The Kerala Agriculture University has developed the cage technology to conserve the fish. Captive breeding, grow and release strategy followed. Himalayan Deer Musk - Himalayan Deer Musk. 0000001479 00000 n Himalayan Musk Deer (EN) It is threatened because the musk it produces is a priority in making perfumes and medicines and sells for $45,000 per kilogram. IUCN Status: Endangered. Its natural habitat is in Krishna and Godavari and over harvesting has led to its threatened status. Their population is down from 10,000 to 2,000 as they are killed for their flesh and oil. Himalayan Musk Deer (Moschus leucogaster) Population Trend: Decreasing. 0000010110 00000 n 0000004777 00000 n 0000008649 00000 n Prior to its rediscovery it was thought to be a diurnal bird. 0000002617 00000 n development also threatens newly hatched turtles through the effects of light pollution. And it also has been listed as EN by the red list of China’s vertebrates. They feed on insects and thus their disappearance will lead to increased insects. It is very tough to catch and hence catching it is a recreational activity from British times. It was contended that IUCN guidelines categorically warn against the introduction of alien or exotic species, and that the African cheetah was genetically different from its Asiatic counterpart. They are sandy brown in color, with slightly darker rumps and limbs. The species is found in clear streams where the temperature remains between 5 degrees Celsius and 25 degrees Celsius. cannot be allowed. However, musk deer establish and … Himalayan Musk Deer (Moschus leucogaster) is a species of genus Moschus of the family Moschidae. The mahseer inhabits the Indus, Ganga and Brahmaputra as well as the Cauvery. 0000004439 00000 n Restoration of natural habitats and protection from poachers with the involvement of local communities. They generally nest on ground and thus are more vulnerable. will include (a) research and monitoring, (b) protection, management and restricted human use of core breeding areas, (c) linking local livelihood with bustard conservation by consolidating government and community institutions, (d) conservation education and awareness of local communities, (e) training of managers, and (f) a conservation breeding programme. There’s a type of deer that lives high in the Himalayas, called the Himalayan Musk Deer. 0000003389 00000 n Click below to learn about how we are helping. So killing wild deer is thought to be the most cost effective method for extracting musk. Pressure on the habitat will be reduced, are specially targeted for their eggs (considered a delicacy) and skins. 0000004190 00000 n Nesting females are an easy targets. 0000002002 00000 n It is known to have become increasingly threatened by land conversion for intensive agriculture, particularly for dry season rice production. The ventral side of their bodies ranges from gray to white. The Himalayan musk deer does not undertake any seasonal migrations, remaining in the same area year-round despite harsh weather conditions. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. 0000007874 00000 n They also get caught up in fishing activities as well as boat movement. It is nocturnal in habit and presumed to be insectivorous. several weeks before collapsing and falling out of trees. 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